One of the most common diseases of the oral mucous membrane is afta. We believe that you have experienced the discomfort and pain that they bring. Their name comes from the Greek name aftal which means grilling. Afti are small, sick wounds that occur inside the oral cavity, with tendency of frequent appearance. They are commonly present on the moving parts of the mucous membrane of the oral cavity, the tongue, mucous membrane of the cheek, or the lips.They cause pain disproportionate to their size and impede the everyday functioning of the person (eating, ingesting, speaking). The unpredictable start and intensity of the pain make the ulcer very inconvenient and difficult to bear disease.
Are aphthi dangerous?
Aphthae are not dangerous, but they can be very painful and irritating, especially if they occur frequently. It is important to note that aphthae are not contagious, that is, they can not be transferred from one person to another. They are a disease of the younger population, often appear in children, girls and younger women more than in the elderly population. The disease is more common in people with higher socioeconomic status, in people who are more exposed to stress, and sometimes there is a family predisposition.
Apples? Aphthae occured most often in the period from the 10th to the 19th century, and with some people their appearance decreases with age. About 10-25% of the population suffer from this disease. Several days before their occurrence the place may be felt as itchy or tingling.
What are the apthae?
Apthi can occur in three clinical forms:
Small apthae
Small aphthae appear on the mucous membrane of the cheek or lips, 2-3 together and most often disappear within 10 days, leaving no scar. The area where the ulceration breaks out first is reddish and painful and a round wound with a regular edges and a yellowish gray roof appears shortly afterwards.
Big aphthi

Large aphthi last for several weeks since they slowly heal because they are deeper wounded. Large aphthae are less likely to be properly shaped, very painful, treatment lasts for weeks and they often leave scars.

Large apertures that resemble herpes (the so-called herpetiformis)

These aphthi are very painful, small ulceration (1 to 2 mm) that most commonly appear on the mucosa, the tongue and mucous membrane of the cheek.

What are the symptoms of the aphti?

Symptoms are tingling and pain that worsens if the patient eats hot or spicy foods. Severe forms of aphthae can cause elevated body temperature, swelling of the neck lymph nodes and feeling of weakness.

Why Are the aphti?

The real reason for the occurrence of aphti is unknown, but there are predisposing factors such as the following:

Family predisposition
Anemia, due to lack of iron, folic acid and vitamins from the B group
Neutropenia (reduction in the number of neutrophilic blood leukocytes)
Allergy and sensitivity of certain food ingredients (gluten and preservatives)
Emotional stress
Physical exhaustion
Metabolic disorders
Hormonal disorders

How are we preventing and treating swine fever?
Primarily we try to prevent pain with surface anesthetics, flushing with different liquids, then it can follow calmness of the inflammation with the use of catricosteroids, improve epithelization and raise the resistance of the body.
Prevention of aphti is a difficult task, and the only way to succeed is healthy eating, improving the immune system, and avoiding stress as much as possible.

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