Paradontal disease is a chronic degenerative disease of the tissue around the teeth (gingiva, bone and ligaments).
The causes of paradontal disease are various:
Bad oral hygiene
Unhealthy way of life
Impaired immunity etc.
The initial symptoms are: redness and swelling of the gums, followed by bleeding, bad breath, which if not observed and treated in due time continue in the withdrawal of the gingiva, the appearance of paradontal pockets, bone resorption and ultimate phase decomposition and tooth extraction.
Therapy is above all in timely intervening at the beginning of paradontal disease,
Removing hard plaques (cleaning tartar)
Removal of soft deposits (processing of paradent pockets)
Use of certain medicines
Dental plaque implies weaker or more visible plaques, plaques that lag on the surface of the teeth after the intake of the diet. If these deposits with proper hygiene measures are not removed, they become thicker, and together with the accumulation of mineral salts from the saliva, they create solid plaques of teeth that surrounds the teeth and thereby enables the occurrence of paradontotic diseases. In the plaque there are microorganisms, especially Streptococi and Lactobacili. They grow rapidly in hot and humid conditions creating acids that damage the light on which white spots appear later. It is the onset of dental caries, which if not prevented will destroy the structure of the tooth. By applying ultrasonic scavenger in our office without damaging the tooth enamel, we help you prevent this irreversible process and thus get healthy teeth and a nice smile again.
Cleansing of tartar
Cleansing of tartar is a process of removing hard tooth deposits that are essentially created by the mineralization of the supra-gingival and sub-gingival dental plaque (biophils produced by bacteria in the mouth, proteins and food products).
The formation of dental stone depends on the maintenance of oral hygiene, but also on the composition of the saliva (the concentration of calcium and phosphorus), its acidity, enzymes etc.
Predisposing factors for the production of tartar include: the genetic predisposition, the irregular position of the teeth, wearing orthodontic and prosthetic devices, poor oral hygiene etc.
Cleaning of the dental stone can be performed most often with ultrasound, manual laser. After cleansing the dentition, dental polish is usually done.
Processing paradontal pockets
The processing of paradontal pockets is essentially a cure of a paradentic pocket, that is, the removal of all pathologically altered tissues in the paradontium. It is performed with special instruments intended for this purpose. It is usually done manually but can also be done surgically with a so-called cut operation.
Sanding is a procedure for removing soft tooth deposits, pigments, stains from coffee, tea, wine, cigarettes etc. This is actually a detox treatment of a whole oral cavity that is performed with a special apparatus designed to undergo strong pressure to remove the particles (sodium bicarbonate) and water from the surface and between the teeth. Sanding is a completely painless procedure, it is not harmful at all, it is very pleasant for patients whose teeth become glossy, smooth, clean.